These are houses that come from Canada. They have gained considerable popularity mainly in the Scandinavian countries and the United States. The wooden structure on which the construction of this house is based is also finished with this material. Despite the fact that the frame of the building is light, it is a permanent solution that finds more and more supporters. Building all-year-round wooden houses is quite a challenge, but with a good construction company it will not be terrible.
The frame of the house is the basis for construction
The boards that make up Canadian houses are thirty, forty, or sixty centimeters apart. This spacing applies to both vertical and horizontal posts, to which OSB boards are attached later. The combination of wooden decking and boards makes the structure more stable. Typically, four by fifteen centimeters of posts are used to create the skeleton.
The walls made in this way are the basis for the ceiling, which is built while maintaining the same parameters. A free space is created between the constructed skeleton and the OSB boards. It is used to install thermal insulation. Usually, mineral wool is used for this purpose, but other types of insulation can be found.
At home in Canada, as in other wooden houses, it is very important to insulate the ceiling. The most important aspects are acoustic and thermal insulation of the building. For this reason, specialists recommend double insulation. It consists in making insulation between the floor and additionally between the beams. An equally important insulator in the case of Canadian-type houses is the use of special foils that ensure proper insulation and energy parameters inside the building. The windproof foil is installed from the outside, and the vapor barrier foil – from the inside. The structure prepared in this way is ready for laying the finishing boards. Inside, the investor can choose between wooden paneling, cardboard-fiber panels or cardboard-gypsum panels, and outside you can use: siding,clinker tiles or lay an additional thermal insulation surface finished with decorative plaster.
Canadian houses on the Polish market
It should be emphasized that frame houses are usually built on a slab foundation. Another solution is to place the frame of the house on the foundation walls. The selected solution affects the installation of the floor, i.e. whether it will be placed directly on the ground or above the ventilated space. Consider the type of land on the building plot and the proximity of water sources.
In Poland, the best raw material for building this type of house is spruce. Currently available solutions in the wood industry mean that the raw material does not have to be seasoned. Thanks to this, the spruce tree is properly prepared for construction, after being protected with fire and anti-fungal preparations, and planed four times. Spruce on the Polish market is a commonly available tree species, additionally it is a durable and durable product.
When starting the construction of a Canadian house, it is worth choosing a professional company with numerous and positive opinions and many years of experience. The right choice will ensure quick and effective work progress and the durability of the building for many years. An experienced specialist will also be able to substantively present the advantages and disadvantages of the selected solution, while advising on alternative patents.
Advantages and disadvantages of the frame structure
Most of the negative opinions about this type of construction are myths. Most of them are based on poorly constructed houses by companies without knowledge and experience in this field. That is why it is worth taking the time, even paying a little more and using a professional team that builds Canadian turnkey houses . The second significant downside was once the technology used to protect wood. In the past, access to such agents was very difficult, in addition, there were no appropriate preparations. Another disadvantage of these houses is considered to be poor heat accumulation in winter and heating up too quickly in summer, but proper construction and insulation eliminates this problem.
The biggest advantage of a Canadian wooden house is the speed of its construction, especially turnkey, which takes about three months. The erection of this structure is not dependent on weather conditions, so these houses can be erected all year round. The only difficulty is the preparation of the foundation that requires the right temperature outside. Additionally, it is a kind of ecological and energy-saving construction, which at the same time provides a pleasant microclimate inside the Canadian house . Another key advantage of building a wooden house is the short time it takes to build it, compared to the construction of a traditional house, which can take up to two years. It should also be taken into account that the longer the construction takes, the more burdened the investor’s budget is.
Construction companies offer many projects that differ mainly in terms of usable area. This is the first factor affecting the price. The second factor is the finishing standard and the applied technological solutions aimed at facilitating the use of the house and increasing its energy efficiency. However, it is worth investing in such equipment. Photovoltaics saves energy. In this case, we can not save so much on lighting and buy internal lamps in each room.